Lawn Care

As Spring arrives, we start to venture out into our gardens and see different things. What we see can vary vastly from a football pitch, a scrap yard, or perhaps even a wildlife park. Too often all we see is a muddy patch with a little green or a soft mattress of moss, when in fact what we want to see is a beautiful lush green lawn. No matter how green-fingered we are it’s a fact that we all take pride in our lawns, and rightly so as they are the backbone of every garden helping to provide shape and contrast to flower borders.

This also means that our lawns are subjected to all sorts of harsh conditions. A couple of times a year, usually spring and autumn, its time to pamper our beloved grass to turn it back into a lawn. For most of us the problems are either bare worn-out patches or thick springy moss. If treated correctly these problems can soon be rectified, giving us the lawn we dream about.

The best action to take is to apply a complete lawn care product that will feed, weed and kill the moss in the lawn. There are many of these products that we are probably all familiar with, but that are not always used to their full potential. To achieve the best results, timing, preparation, application and aftercare are all essential. Although this sounds very complicated by following simple steps it really is quite straightforward.


First start by applying a feed, weed and moss-killing product to your lawn. This must be done evenly so as to avoid a patchy uneven result. On large lawns it’s strongly recommended to use a lawn spreader for the best results, or if treating a small area then liquid versions are available to simply water on. It’s important that the recommended amounts are followed and that these products are not applied shortly after or before mowing the grass.

After application allow the product to work for approximately a week. The results can be very alarming, especially if your lawn turns black. Don’t panic as it is the moss that is dead and not the grass. At this stage the lawn can now be raked or scarified to remove all the dead moss and any other thatch that is lying dead at the base of the grass. Because the moss is dead it is very easily removed. Many people make the mistake of applying the weed, feed and moss killer after scarifying the lawn, which just makes harder work.


Once removed, there may be bare patches that require re-seeding. Before this is done I would highly recommend topdressing the lawn. Moss generally occurs in lawns because of poor drainage, and although the moss has been killed if the drainage is not improved then it will quickly grow back. By applying a top dressing of two parts sharp sand, one part peat and one part loam we can improve the drainage around the base of the grass. The best method of applying this mixture is to broadcast it on to the lawn with a shovel, and settle it into the lawn by using a stiff yard brush.

Having done this the bare spots can then be re-seeded. Take time to ensure that you select the right type of grass seed to suit your situation as there are many types available from ones for shady areas, those for hard wearing areas and even those that require little mowing. One of the best tips that I can give is to place the seed in the fridge for a week before sowing. As well as needing water to germinate, grass seed also reacts to temperature change, so this will rapidly increase the speed at which new growth appears. When sowing the seed apply it thickly but do not cover with soil as this will cause it to rot. Hopefully the new grass will start to show within ten days.


For badly waterlogged lawns it may also be necessary to aerate to improve the drainage. This can be done with a garden fork or a hollow tine aerator for maximum affect. For large lawns mechanical tools are available. Once complete again apply a top dressing to prevent the problem recurring – pure sand is good for this.